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Silver Chloride Reference Electrodes

We manufacture four different types of Silver / Silver Chloride Reference Electrodes. Please take you pick from the selection below to find your required reference electrode. Installation procedures for Silver Silver Chloride Reference Electrodes can be found here

LD10

Silver Chloride LD10 Electrode Datasheet

silver-silver-chloride-reference-electrode-LD10

  • Electrode: Silver / Silver Chloride
  • Model: LD10

Note: you can also download a pdf file of the data sheet for the LD10. You may also wish to see the Installation and Cable Connection Method Statement


Download PDF

General Description

The LD10 is a long life silver/silver chloride reference electrode with a stable reference potential specifically for permanent installation. The essential components are silver metal, silver chloride, soluble silver ions and chloride ions.

Ag, AgC1(s), C1-, Ag+

A sparingly soluble salt, silver chloride, is in equilibrium with a saturated solution of this salt which precipitates in the course of electrolysis. The reversible electrode reaction consists of silver ions going into solution and then combining with the chloride ions to form silver chloride. Thus its potential is determined by the following reactions:

Ag ↔ Ag+ e-
Ag+ + Cl- ↔ AgC1(s)
Ag+ C1- ↔ AgC1(s) + e-

The potential is dependent on temperature and the concentration of chloride ions in accordance with the following equation:

E=E0 - (RT/F)1n[C1-]

Where E0RF and T are the standard potential, gas constant, Faraday Constant and temperature respectively. The reaction has been proved to obey these equations in solutions with pH's of between 0 and 13.5. The potential is however very sensitive to traces of bromide ions which make it more negative.

The electrode element has been prepared by electrolytic precipitation of silver chloride onto silver metal.A  This has then been embedded in a mortar containing a known concentration of chloride ions and an anti-drying agent. The housing consists of a white nylon barrel, white nylon inserts.


Specification

Element Type:

Ag, AgCI(s), CI-, Ag+
Typical 1.2g silver per electrode

Potential:

-15Mv +/-10Mv versus the Saturated Calomel Electrode (SCE)
230Mv +/-10mV versus the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE)

Drift:

  • less 3mV in 24 hours.
  • Typically less than +/-10mV expected over the life time of the reference electrode

Note: The potential drift is subject to temperature, Donnan potential and liquid junction potential changes within the surrounding environment which may mask any changes produced by the electrode itself.

Internal Resistance:

Less than 2kOhms

Polarisation Characteristics (determined galvanostatically in calcium hydroxide solution)>

2mV potential shift after the application of 0.1µA for 30 seconds.
12mV potential shift after the application of 1µA for 30 seconds.

Dimensions:

80 mm long x 10mm diameter

Housing:

White Nylon Barrel
White Nylon Inserts
Cable Gland

Cable:

Supplied to order

Expected life:

More than 30 years at a leakage current of 1µA will result in the loss of 0.7 grams of silver. The functional life of the electrode will most likely to be determined by the life of the associated cables.

Other Features:

Large Measuring Interface ( >75mm2 )
Anti Drying agent

LD15

Silver Chloride LD15 Electrode Datasheet

silver-silver-chloride-reference-electrode-LD15

  • Electrode: Silver / Silver Chloride
  • Model: LD15

Note: you can also download a pdf file of the data sheet for the LD15. You may also wish to see the Installation and Cable Connection Method Statement

Download PDF

General Description

The LD15 is a long life silver/silver chloride reference electrode with a stable reference potential specifically for permanent installation in reinforced concrete structures. The essential components are silver metal, silver chloride, soluble silver ions and chloride ions.

Ag, AgC1(s), C1-, Ag+

A sparingly soluble salt, silver chloride, is in equilibrium with a saturated solution of this salt which precipitates in the course of electrolysis. The reversible electrode reaction consists of silver ions going into solution and then combining with the chloride ions to form silver chloride. Thus its potential is determined by the following reactions:

Ag ↔ Ag+ e-
Ag+ + Cl- ↔ AgC1(s)
Ag+ C1- ↔ AgC1(s) + e-

The potential is dependent on temperature and the concentration of chloride ions in accordance with the following equation:

E=E0- RT 1n[C1-]
F

Where E0RF and T are the standard potential, gas constant, Faraday Constant and temperature respectively. The reaction has been proved to obey these equations in solutions with pH's of between 0 and 13.5. The potential is however very sensitive to traces of bromide ions which make it more negative.

The electrode element has been prepared by electrolytic precipitation of silver chloride onto silver metal. This has then been embedded in a mortar containing a known concentration of chloride ions and an anti-drying agent. The housing consists of a white nylon barrel, white nylon inserts, and a cable gland rated at IP68.

Specification

Element Type:

Ag, AgCI(s), CI-, Ag+
Typical 1.2g silver per electrode

Potential:

-15Mv +/-10Mv versus the Saturated Calomel Electrode (SCE)
230Mv +/-10mV versus the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE)

Drift:

less 3mV in 24 hours.
Typically less than +/-10mV expected over the life time of the reference electrode

Note: The potential drift is subject to temperature, Donnan potential and liquid junction potential changes within the surrounding environment which may mask any changes produced by the electrode itself.

Internal Resistance:

Less than 2kOhms

Polarisation Characteristics (determined galvanostatically in sodium hydroxide solution)

2mV potential shift after the application of 0.1µA for 30 seconds.
12mV potential shift after the application of 1µA for 30 seconds.

Dimensions:

75 mm long x 15mm diameter
Cable gland 20mm long x 15mm diameter.

Housing:

White Nylon Barrel
BlackNylatron Inserts
Cable Gland IP68

Cable:

Supplied to order

Expected life:

More than 30 years at a leakage current of 1µA will result in the loss of 0.7 grams of silver. The functional life of the electrode will most likely to be determined by the life of the associated cables.

Other Features:

Large Measuring Interface (>175mm2 )
Anti Drying agent

LD25

Silver Chloride LD25 Electrode Datasheet

silver-silver-chloride-reference-electrode-LD25

  • Electrode: Silver / Silver Chloride
  • Model: LD25

Note: you can also download a pdf file of the data sheet for the LD25. You may also wish to see the Installation and Cable Connection Method Statement

Download PDF

.

General Description

The LD25 is a long life silver/silver chloride reference electrode with a stable reference potential specifically for permanent installation in reinforced concrete structures. The essential components are silver metal, silver chloride, soluble silver ions and chloride ions.

Ag, AgC1(s), C1-, Ag+

A sparingly soluble salt, silver chloride, is in equilibrium with a saturated solution of this salt which precipitates in the course of electrolysis. The reversible electrode reaction consists of silver ions going into solution and then combining with the chloride ions to form silver chloride. Thus its potential is determined by the following reactions:

Ag ↔ Ag+ e-
Ag+ + Cl- ↔ AgC1(s)
Ag+ C1- ↔ AgC1(s) + e-

The potential is dependent on temperature and the concentration of chloride ions in accordance with the following equation:

E=E0- RT   1n[C1-]
F

 

Where E0RF and T are the standard potential, gas constant, Faraday Constant and temperature respectively. The reaction has been proved to obey these equations in solutions with pH's of between 0 and 13.5. The potential is however very sensitive to traces of bromide ions which make it more negative.

The electrode element has been prepared by electrolytic precipitation of silver chloride onto silver metal. This has then been embedded in a mortar containing a known concentration of chloride ions and an anti-drying agent. The housing consists of a white nylon barrel, white nylon inserts, and a cable gland rated at IP68.

Specification

Element Type:Ag, AgCI(s), CI-, Ag+

Typical 3g silver per electrode

Potential:

-15Mv +/-10Mv versus the Saturated Calomel Electrode (SCE) 230Mv +/-10mV versus the Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE)

Drift:

less 3mV in 24 hours.
Typically less than +/-10mV expected over the life time of the reference electrode 

Note: The potential drift is subject to temperature, Donnan potential and liquid junction potential changes within the surrounding environment which may mask any changes produced by the electrode itself.

Internal Resistance:

Less than 2kOhms

Polarisation Characteristics (determined galvanostatically in sodium hydroxide solution)

2mV potential shift after the application of 0.1µA for 30 seconds. 12mV potential shift after the application of 1µA for 30 seconds.

Dimensions:

75 mm long x 24mm diameter Cable gland 20mm long x 15mm diameter.

Housing:

White Nylon Barrel White Nylon Inserts Cable Gland IP68

Cable:

Supplied to order

Expected life:

More than 57 years at a leakage current of 1mA will result in the loss of 2 grams of silver. The functional life of the electrode will most likely to be determined by the life of the associated cables.

Other Features:

Large Measuring Interface (>450mm2) Anti Drying agent

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Castle Electrodes

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Holyport Street
Holyport
Maidenhead
Berkshire
SL6 2JR
UK
Phone: +44 (0) 208 144 6688
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